The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Monday issued a collection of often requested questions (FAQs) to make clear on its August 6 round concerning opening of present accounts. It additionally exempted seven classes of present accounts from the definition of ‘aggregate exposure’ inside the ambit of the round.
“On a review, it has been decided to permit banks to open specific accounts which are stipulated under various statutes and instructions of other regulators/ regulatory departments, without any restrictions placed in terms of the above-mentioned circular dated August 6, 2020,” the central financial institution mentioned in a notification.
Accounts for actual property initiatives, mandated beneath the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016, to keep up 70% of advance funds collected from homebuyers, is not going to be included as combination publicity to a borrower inside the purview of the round. Nodal or escrow accounts of fee aggregators or pay as you go fee instrument issuers for particular actions as additionally accounts for settlement of dues associated to debit card, ATM card and bank card issuers and acquirers is not going to be included.
The exempted classes additionally embody accounts permitted beneath FEMA, 1999, and accounts for the aim of public provides, new fund provides (NFOs), share buybacks, dividend funds, issuance of economic papers and allotment of debentures or gratuity, mandated by respective statutes or regulators and are meant for particular or restricted transactions solely. Accounts for fee of taxes, duties and statutory dues opened with banks authorised to gather the identical, for debtors of such banks not authorised to gather such taxes or dues may even not rely in direction of the publicity restrict. In addition, accounts of White Label ATM Operators and their brokers for sourcing of foreign money have been exempted.
The RBI mentioned this permission was topic to the situation that the banks ought to make sure that these accounts have been used for permitted or specified transactions solely. “Further, banks shall flag these accounts in the CBS (core banking system) for easy monitoring. Lenders to such borrowers may also enter into agreements/arrangements with the borrowers for monitoring of cash flows/periodic transfer of funds (if permissible) in these current accounts,” the notification mentioned.
Banks will likely be required to watch all present accounts and money credit score/ overdraft accounts (CC/ODs) commonly, not less than on a half-yearly foundation, particularly with respect to the publicity of the banking system to the borrower, to make sure compliance with directions contained within the round dated August 6.
They is not going to be required to acquire no-objection certificates (NOCs) earlier than opening present accounts.
Responding to banks’ queries on how they need to decide the mixture publicity of the banking system to a borrower, the RBI mentioned they may compute the mixture publicity for the aim of those tips primarily based on the knowledge obtainable with Central Repository of Information on Large Credits (CRILC), credit score data corporations (CICs), National E-Governance Services (NeSL), and by acquiring clients’ declaration, if required.
The central financial institution additionally clarified that each one fund-based and non-fund primarily based credit score services sanctioned by banks and carried of their Indian books – together with daylight overdraft (DLOD)/ intra-day services, irrevocable fee commitments, limits arrange for transacting in foreign exchange and rate of interest derivatives as additionally business papers (CPs) – shall be included for the aim of combination publicity.
The August 6 round mandated that banks which account for lower than 10% of the mixture banking publicity to a big borrower should open solely assortment accounts for that borrower. It additionally acknowledged that no financial institution shall open present accounts for purchasers who’ve availed credit score services within the type of CC)/OD from the banking system and all transactions shall be routed by the CC/OD account.
The round was geared toward imposing higher reimbursement self-discipline amongst massive debtors and stopping the siphoning of funds. Thereafter, banks had sought clarifications about what constitutes the definition of ‘aggregate exposure’, amongst different issues.